In many hospitals around the world, infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) receive breathing support with mechanical ventilation, however in some of the countries where we work, these life-saving machines are often restrictively expensive.
Doctors at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital in Blantyre, Malawi asked a group of visiting medical engineering students from Rice University, Texas to come up with a solution to this problem of affordability; and the idea for the low-cost Pumani bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (bCPAP) machine was born.
With acute respiratory infections being the leading cause of global child mortality 1 the clinical trial at Blantyre found that the device significantly improved the survival of newborns in respiratory distress.
The training films help health workers learn how to identify babies who could benefit from CPAP right through to how to wean babies off CPAP and how to clean the tubes and how to service the machine.
Funded by USAID, the CPAP project is run by Rice 360˚ Institute for Global Health Technologies and Hadleigh Health Technologies.
The Pumani Bubble CPAP is now being rolled out across Africa, and is becoming a basic piece of equipment in many hospitals and health centres.
1. World Bank (2006) Acute Respiratory Infections. In: Jamison DT, editor. Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington (DC): World Bank Publications, 2006. pp. 149–162.